"There would be no cinema viewer finding pleasure in observing the screen if the very fundamental structure of subjectivity were not characterized by this impassive fascinated and perplexed gaze.”
— Slavoj Žižek, Contingency, Hegemony, Universality
"On the one hand, the avant-garde movement aimed to transform the forms of art, and to make them identical with the forms for constructing a new world in which art would no longer exist as a separate reality. On the other, the avant-garde preserved the autonomy of the artistic sphere from forms of compromise with practices of power and political struggle, or with forms of the aestheticisation of life in the capitalist world. While the avant-garde was a Futurist or Constructivist dream to work toward art’s self-suppression in the formation of a new sensory world, it also involved a struggle to preserve the autonomy of art from all forms of power and commodity aestheticisation. This was not at all in order to preserve the pure enjoyment of art for its own sake but, on the contrary, as the inscription of the unresolved contradiction between the aesthetic promise and the realities of oppression in the world.”
— Jacques Ranciere, ‘The Ethical Turn of Aesthetics and Politics.’
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